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A Complete Guide to OWASP Penetration Testing

On September 9, 2001, cybersecurity enthusiast Mark Curphey founded OWASP. OWASP stands for Open Web Application Security Project. Although the name implies web application security, OWASP’s scope is not restricted to web applications. It covers Mobile Security, cloud security risks etc.

OWASP Penetration Testing is the process of testing the top 10 security threats listed in the OWASP top 10. The Open Web Application Security Project® (OWASP) is a non-profit organization dedicated to improving security. The OWASP Foundation is the source for developers and technologists to secure the web through community-led open-source software projects, hundreds of local chapters globally, tens of thousands of members, and leading educational and training conferences.

OWASP Top 10 Web Application Security Risks

Web application security encompasses a broad range of techniques, methods, and approaches for securing web servers, online applications, and web services like APIs from Internet-based threats. Web application security is critical for protecting data, customers, and companies against data breaches, system failures, and other cybercrime-related harm.

1:- Broken Access Control

2:- Cryptographic failures

3:- Injection

4:- Insecure Design

5:- Security Misconfiguration

6:- Vulnerable and outdated components

7:- Identification and authentication failures

8:- Software and data integrity failures

9:- Security logging and monitoring failures

10:- Server-Side Request Forgery


OWASP Top 10 Mobile Application Security Risks

Mobile app security is the process of protecting mobile applications as well as data ownership from all forms of crimes. Tampering, reverse engineering, malware, key loggers, and other sorts of manipulation or interference are all examples of this. An effective mobile app security plan incorporates both technology solutions, such as mobile app protection, and best practices for use.

As mobile phones have spread across numerous countries and regions, app security has become increasingly important. The growth of mobile devices, apps, and users is associated with growing usage of mobile devices for banking, shopping, and other activities.

1:- Improper Platform Usage

2:- Insecure Data Storage

3:- Insecure Communication

4:- Insecure Authentication

5:- Insufficient Cryptography

6:- Insecure Authorisation

7:- Client Code Quality

8:- Code Tampering

9:- Reverse Engineering

10:- Extraneous Functionality


OWASP Top 10 API Security risks

Software applications can interact with one other via an Application Programming Interface (API). Modern software patterns, such as microservices architectures, rely heavily on it. The technique of securing APIs against attackers is known as API security. APIs are becoming a primary target for attackers since they are widely utilised and provide access to critical application functionalities and data.

1:- Broken Object level authorization

2:- Broken Authentication

3:- Excessive Data Exposure

4:- Lack of resources and rate limiting

5:- Broken function level agreement

6:- Mass assignment

7:- Security Misconfiguration

8:- Injection

9:- Improper assets management

10:- Insufficient logging and monitoring


OWASP Top 10 Cloud Security risks

Increasingly operations are being moved to the cloud by businesses and governments. Cloud security refers to the protection of cloud computing applications, infrastructures, and data. The efforts of cloud providers and users – whether an enterprise, a small to medium business, or an individual user – are required to secure these systems. To keep cloud data and applications safe, cloud security guards against cybersecurity risks including unauthorized access and DDoS attacks.

1:- Accountability & Data Risk

2:- User Identity Federation

3:- Regulatory Compliance

4:- Business Continuity & Resillency

5:- User Privacy & Secondary Usage of Data

6:- Service & Data Integration

7:- Multi-tenancy & Physical Security

8:- Incidence Analysis & Security

9:- Infrastructure security

10:- Non-Production environment exposure

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